The web has drastically changed the way we perceive content around the globe. To keep up with this ever-evolving world, we’re constantly developing new technologies, applications, and tools that are designed to help people worldwide to communicate, interact, share, collaborate and achieve goals in a more engaging and efficient manner. As Tim Berners-Lee, Director of W3C, once said, “The power of the web is in its universality.” This is where accessibility enters the picture; making the web accessible to people with disabilities so that they can understand, interact and contribute to the sites and applications created by developers.
In this article, we give you three tips you should definitely take into account when building a web Accessible site according to the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).
- Markup: Use appropriate markup for headings, lists, and tables. HTML5 counts with a series of elements, such as <nav> and <aside>, to better structure your content.
- Create Alternative Content: As we already know, one of the principles of Web Accessibility is to make websites and apps available to everyone no matter what their disability is. However, some content simply cannot become accessible to each particular case, such as audio content to those who are hard of hearing. When this happens, the best way to go around it is to create alternative content. For example, if you have a video tutorial on your site, add the transcription of the video for the users to download or add captions to the video.
- All text, all image: Always ensure that alternative text for images is added to all the images that contain information or functionality of some form. You can use empty alternative text, alt=” for decorative images, or include them directly in the CSS.
As we see the World Wide Web taking constant strides, we think accessibility is definitely one endeavor that provides a more interactive platform for those with disabilities. Accessibility will ultimately make sites and applications stronger and richer in content.